Key Facts About Argentina

Know These Key Facts on Argentina


Argentina is situated in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay.

Land Area

Argentina is slightly smaller that three-tenths the size of the U.S. and stretches over a total area of 2,766,890 sq km, which 2,736,690 sq km is land and 30,200 sq km is water. Argentina has a total coastline area of 4,989 km.


Argentina's climate conditions are mostly temperate, with arid conditions in the southeastern parts and subantarctic conditions in the southwest.

Natural Resources and Hazards

Argentina's main natural resources are fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum and uranium. San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes are subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding.

Population and Employment

Argentina has a total population of 39,537,943 (July 2005 est.) inhabitants, with an average life expectancy at birth of 75.91 years. It has a total labour force of 15.04 million (2004 est.) people, whom are mostly occupied in agriculture, industry and services. Argentina has a fairly high unemployment rate of 14.8% (2004 est.).


92% of Argentina's population is Roman Catholics, 2% are Protestants, 2% are Jewish and 4% have other religions.


Argentina's flag consists of three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue. Centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May.

Agricultural Products and Main Industries

Argentina's mainly recognized agricultural products are sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat and livestock. Their main industries are food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy and steel.


Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina with a total population of 11,928,400 people.

Time Zone

GMT : 3 hours


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