Key Facts about Belgium

Explore these key facts on the city of Belgium


Belgium is situated in the western part of Europe, bordering the North Sea, between France and the Netherlands.

Land Area

Belgium is about the same size as Maryland and stretches over an total are of 30, 528sq km, which 30, 278 sq km is land and 250sq km is water. Belgium has a coastline of 66,5 km.


Belgium has a general temperate climate with mild winters and cool summers. Belgium tends to be very humid in the summer and it also gets plenty rain.

Natural Resources and Hazards

Belgium is not extremely blessed with natural resources but the main recognized natural resources are, construction materials, silica sand and carbonates. The only experienced natural hazards are flooding along the riverbanks and the coastline.

Population and Employment

Belgium has a total population of 10,364,388 (July 2005 est.) inhabitants, with a general life expectancy at birth of 78,62 years. The country has a total labour force of 4, 750 000 people that are occupied in services 74.2%, industry 24.5% and agriculture 1.3% (2003 est.). Belgium has a very high unemployment rate of 12% (2004 est.).


75% of the population of Belgium are Roman Catholics and the other 25% of the population are Protestants and non-religious.


The flag of Belgium consists of three vertical bands of black (left side), yellow (middle) and red (right side).

Agricultural Products and Main Industries

The main agricultural products of Belgium are sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco, beef, veal, pork and milk. The main industries of Belgium are engineering and metal products, scientific instruments, transportation equipment, motor vehicle assembly, processed food and beverages, basic metals , chemicals, glass, textiles and petroleum.


The capital of Belgium is Brussels, with an huge population of 1,010 000 inhabitants.

Time Zone

GMT plus 1 hour


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