Archeological Wonders of Peru
Peru is one of the most astounding archeological wonders existing in the world, with many of its sites belonging to the Incan and Pre-Incan tribes of long ago. It is due to the preservation of these amazing sites that we are able to understand the cultures of these people a little better, what their daily lives must have consisted of, as well as, their intellectual capacity and development.
Some examples of these archeological wonders are: Machu Picchu, Inca trail trek, the Sullustani pre Incan funeral towers and Chachapovas a rare structure of pre-Columbian architecture in the Northern region of Peru. However, I would like to focus specifically on one of the greatest wonders of them all, Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu was a pre-Columbian city known to most as the ‘lost city of the Incas’ and has to be one of the most recognizable symbols of the Inca Empire. Nonetheless it is a prime example overflowing with ruins indicating their capability within the residential, industrial and agricultural sectors. It’s all still a wonder with such advancements, how a whole community could disappear from the face of the earth. These beautiful remains of this mysterious city can be located high above the Urubamba Valley about 2,430 meters on a ridge jutting out from the side of the mountain just northwest of Cusco.
It was in 1450 that this city came into existence resulting from the off-cuts of the flourishing Inca Empire. Strangely enough this newly developing city would only exist for a 100 years before being abandoned after the conquest of the Spanish which would see the Inca capital being destroyed to a point of disappearing without a trace, an amazing phenomenon.
Many have considered Machu Picchu to have been a royal haven although this is not for certain. Nevertheless, since 1983 it has been designated as the ‘United Nations Educational World Heritage Site’ after so many years of being forgotten by the outside world. It was only in 1911 that it was rediscovered and brought back into international attention by the well-known Yale Historian, explorer and archeologist, Hiram Bingham. It was during his time that he discovered a bounty of artifacts amongst many temples and ritual structures, strongly suggesting that Machu Picchu held a spiritual significance. It was from here that Bingham removed thousands of rare pieces. However, Peru has taken up legal action in an attempt to retrieve them and place them in their rightful places, a process that will be hard to follow.