Relish the Splendor of Fernando de Noronha
The Fernando de Noronha archipelago is located in the Atlantic Ocean about 354 km off the Brazilian coastline. As the visible part of a submerged mountain range, this fascinating group of 21 islands, plus islets and volcanic rocks, has much to offer tourists who enjoy the wonders of nature. Fernando de Noronha offers countless tour and activity options to keep visitors occupied for days on end.
Fernando de Noronha experiences only two distinct seasons – the dry season that lasts from September through to March, and the rainy season from April through to August. It must be noted though, that the rainy season consists of sporadic rains with beautiful sunshine filled days in between. There are more than twenty beautiful beaches on Fernando de Noronha, many of which have protected status for conservation reasons. Some beaches have long stretches of white sand fringed by gently lapping waves, while others, such as Caracas Point, have rocky areas forming natural pools filled with small sea creatures that are captivating to watch. Other sections of the coastline are not suitable for swimming, but have hiking trails and lookout points with exquisite scenery that is definitely worth seeing. Dolphin Bay is the mating and resting place of the rotifer dolphins – and there are plenty of them. A visit to Fernando de Noronha would not be complete without spending an early morning (they are most active at sunrise) watching the antics of these friendly, playful dolphins in their natural habitat.
The Fernando de Noronha Archipelago is considered by many to be one of the best diving and snorkeling spots in the world. The diverse underwater landscapes make each dive a totally new adventure. Divers are likely to see a variety of interesting sea creatures among the sponges, seaweeds and corals. Colorful fish in every shape and size imaginable, morays, rays, rotifer dolphins and sea turtles all inhabit the waters around the islands. There are 16 main diving areas and all levels of experience are catered for - there is no better place for beginners to discover the excitement of diving.
With a temperate climate prevailing throughout the year, the waves at Fernando de Noronha are enjoyed by surfers from all over the world. Considered to be one of Brazil’s top surfing destinations, in February 2001 local surfers established the Fernando de Noronha Surf Association to promote surfing on the island and are more than willing to share their favorite surfing spots and tips on local surfing conditions with fellow surfers.
Visitors can take advantage of the many tours and hiking trails available to explore the incredible variety of flora and fauna on Fernando de Noronha. Birding enthusiasts will enjoy looking out for some of the more than 40 bird species on the islands, which includes six pelican species. Fernando de Noronha is also used as a stop-over point for about 12 species of migratory birds.
Other activities and places of interest include the Open Museum of the Sea Turtle, archaeological sites giving insight into the early history of Fernando de Noronha, National Marine Reserve, guided kayak tours, bicycle tours, buggy rides and guided ecological tours. In 2002, UNESCO awarded Fernando de Noronha a Certificate of Natural World Patrimony in recognition its unique environmental conditions. Authorities take their conservation responsibilities very seriously, and visitors to Brazil’s Fernando de Noronha will appreciate that it is well worth protecting the natural beauty of this fascinating archipelago for current and future generations to enjoy.