Visit the Historic Districts of Buenos Aires in Argentina
With its history going back to 1580, and the founding of Buenos Aires, the district of Montserrat boasts some of the most significant public buildings in the capital city of Argentina. These include the City Hall and City Legislature, as well as the Ministry of Defense and the spectacular Casa Rosada (Pink House) – the executive mansion and office of Argentina's President, currently Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who was sworn in to a second term on December 10, 2011. Interestingly, Cristina Kirchner, also known as CFK, is Argentina's first elected female president and is the widow of former President Néstor Kirchner.
The main square in Montserrat, the Plaza de Mayo, is closely connected with the political life of the country. It was the scene of the 1810 revolution, leading to the independence of Argentina, and at a height of 18.76 meters, the Pirámide de Mayo (May Pyramid) towering in its center is the city's oldest monument - constructed in 1811 to celebrate the first anniversary of the May Revolution. Known officially as Casa de Gobierno, the Casa Rosada is located at the eastern end of the Plaza. The ornate building is a National Historical Monument of Argentina and is considered to be one of the city's most iconic buildings. Visitors can view a range of items relating to Argentina's former presidents at Casa Rosada's museum, and behind the building is a monument to legendary explorer Christopher Columbus.
To the south of Montserrat is the historic San Telmo district, the oldest neighborhood (barrio) of Buenos Aires, characterized by well-preserved colonial buildings. San Telmo is also characterized by its host of popular attractions, such as cafés, antique shops, museums and tango parlors. The main square buzzes with activity, as a semi-permanent antique fair attracts bargain hunters and street performers entertain the crowds. A great number of contemporary art museums and galleries are located in San Telmo, leading to the neighborhood being described as the San Telmo Art District.
Visitors with an appreciation for history and culture will no doubt enjoy a visit to the historic San Telmo and Montserrat districts of Buenos Aires.