Discover the fascinating natural wonders of Manaus
Brazil's Manaus is situated on the Negro River not far from where it joins the Solimoes River to form the Amazon. It is fascinating to see how the black and yellow waters of the two rivers come together.
Manaus had its beginnings as a fort called São José da Barra. The Portuguese constructed the fort in 1669 to guard against the Spanish entering Brazil via the Amazon River. Manaus gained its name and Vila status on 13 November 1832. Manaus was officially recognized as a city on 24 October 1848 when it received the name Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro and was renamed Cidade de Manaus on 4 September 1856.
Manaus' economy was based upon the rubber industry during the period from 1890 to 1920. This brought great wealth to the city and specifically to plantation owners. Even people from poverty-struck areas in Brazil descended upon Manaus in search riches. However, Manaus suffered a great blow when rubber prices dropped in 1920. Synthetic rubber was now being used in industry.
Today, other businesses have come to the fore in Manaus, including tourism. Manaus is also a very important trading port on the Negro River. Tourists from around the world are attracted to the lush beauty of the area and take advantage of the many boat and land tours available. Wildlife is abundant and you stand a chance of spotting the highly endangered Pied tamarin.
There are also various interesting monuments, churches and museums to see in the area. The Jesuit church in the city center is hard to miss. São Sebastião Church was built in 1859 and features lovely paintings by the artist Domenico de Angelis. Another national monument, nearby the Floating Quay, is the Mercado Municipal created by Gustave Eiffel of Paris and made with an iron frame and stained glass windows. The magnificent Teatro Amazonas, an Italian Renaissance structure, is an opera house and a museum. As you enter the Teatro Amazonas (opened in 1896) you will be in awe of the extravagant interior. With doorways of marble, crystal chandeliers, a wrought-iron staircase and 700 velvet covered seats, it will leave you spellbound.
Manaus' hotels offer accommodation to suit your requirements and your budget. From basic to luxury, you can learn more about hotels in Manaus through online reviews. There are many cheap hotels in Manaus, so look around before deciding. Arrival in Manaus is possible by road or by river.
Brazil's Manaus is a city of mystery and intrigue, surrounded by exquisite forest and rich in culture, it is a destination that will remain with you long after you leave.