Key Facts about Canada

Canada Facts


Canada is located in the north of North America. To the west is the North Pacific Ocean, to the east is the North Atlantic Ocean, northwards is the Arctic Ocean and southwards is the United States of America.


The Capital of Canada is Ottawa.

Time Zone

Canada has six time zones, namely: Pacific Time Zone (PST, GMT -8), Mountain Time Zone (MST, GMT -7), Central Time Zone (CST, GMT-6), Eastern Time (EST, GMT-5) Atlantic Time Zone (AST, GMT-4), Newfoundland Time Zone (NST, GMT -3:30)


Canada's flag is designed with two vertical red bands. A white square in the center contains an 11 pointed maple leaf in red.

Land Area

The total area of Canada is 9 984 670 km² with 9 093 507 km² of that area as land. Canada is the world's second largest country after Russia.

Population and Employment

Canada's population is around 33 098 932 with a 0,88% rate of growth. The population is divided into the following ethnic groups: 28% from British Isles, 23% from France, 15% from other European countries, 2% Amerindian, 6% from Asia, Africa and Arab countries and 26% of a mixed background. Unemployment in Canada is at 6,8%.


Canada's population follows a number of religious denominations and is divided as follows: 42.6% Roman Catholic, 23.3% Protestant, 4.4% other Christian denominations, 1.9% Muslim, 11.8% other and 16% none.


English and French are the official languages. 59.3% of the population speaks English whilst 23.2% speak French and 17.5% various other languages.

Agricultural Products and Main Industries

Agricultural products produced in Canada include: wheat, oilseed, barley, forest products, vegetables, fruits, fish and dairy products. The main industries in Canada are: wood and paper products, petroleum, natural gas, minerals, fish products, food products, chemicals and transportation equipment.

Natural Resources and Hazards

Natural resources in Canada include: timber, coal, petroleum, iron ore, zinc, gold, molybdenum, nickel, copper, lead, potash, silver, diamonds, natural gas, fish, wildlife and hydropower. Cyclonic storms form in the east of Canada's Rocky Mountains.


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