Key Facts about Chile

Know these key facts on Chile


Chile is located in Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru.

Land Area

Chile is slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana, and stretches over an total land area of 756,950 sq km, which 748,800 sq km is land and 8,150 sq km is water. Chile has a total coastline area of 6,435 km.


Chile has a temperate climate, with a desert climate in the north, a Mediterranean climate in the central region, and cool and damp conditions in the southern region.

Natural Resources and Hazards

Chile's main natural recourses are copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum and hydropower. Their only natural hazards are severe earthquakes, active volcanisms and tsunamis.

Population and Employment

Chile has a total population of 15,980,912 (July 2005 est.) inhabitants, with an average life expectancy at birth of 76.58 years. Chile has a total labour force of 6.2 million (2004 est.) people that are mainly occupied in mostly agriculture, industry and services. Chile has a unemployment rate of 8.5%.


89% of Chile's population are Roman Catholics and 11% of the population are Protestants and Jews.


Chile's flag consists of two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red stands for the blood spilled to achieve independence.

Agricultural Products and Main Industries

Chile's main agricultural products are grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool; fish and timber. Their main industries are copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement and textiles.


Santiago is Chile's capital with a total population of 5 261 000 people.

Time Zone

GMT - 4 hours


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