Key Facts about England

Key facts on the country of England


England, the largest country in the U.K., is bordered by Scotland in the north, the North Sea in the east, the English Channel in the south and Wales in the west.

Land Area

England is slightly smaller than Alabama and stretches over a land area of 130,423 sq km, with a coastline of 3,500 km.


England has a temperate climate, with mild winters with temperatures not much lower than 0°C, and not much higher than 32°C in summer. Generally, July is normally the warmest month, and February is normally the coldest.

Natural Resources and Hazards

Recognized natural resources are coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, and arable land. The only natural hazards that have been experienced are winter windstorms and floods.

Population and Employment

England has a population of 49,561,800 (2002 est.) inhabitants with an average of 78.38 years life expectancy at birth. An average of 29.78 million (2004 est.) labor force is present - agriculture 1.5%, industry 19.1%, services 79.5% (2004 est.). An unemployment rate of 4.8% is present.


71.6% of England's population are Christians (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist), 2.7% are Muslims, 1% are Hindus, and the other 24.7% is unidentified or non-religious.


The flag of England has a white background with a red cross on it. It is called the 'St. George's flag', named after the patron saint of England, St George.


The Economy of England is the largest of the four economies of the United Kingdom.

England is one of the world's most greatly industrialized countries. England's products include a variety of goods, ranging from sewing needles to earth-moving equipment. England is a chief shipbuilding country and an important manufacturer of chemical and textile products. Automobiles, locomotives, and aircrafts are among England's other important industrial products. The most important economic sectors are agriculture and fishing, investing and banking, manufacturing, and tourism.

Agricultural Products and Main Industries

The main recognized agricultural products in England are, wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits and vegetables and the livestock that is raised is cattle and sheep. The main industries in England are agriculture, fishing, investing, banking, manufacturing and tourism.


The United Kingdom has a diverse infrastructure of 17,274 km of railways, 392,931 km of highways, 3,200 km of waterways, 23 ports and harbours and 471 (2004 est.) airports.


The capital of England is London with a population of 7,172,036 inhabitants.

Time Zone

Summer: UTC +1 (BST)


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