Discover the beautiful natural surroundings of Santorini
Santorini, a Greek island with an explosive history and abundant natural beauty. Without a doubt, Santorini is one of the top tourist destinations in Greece. The stunning caldera, for which Santorini was famed, was formed some 3 500 years ago when a volcanic eruption caused practically half of the island to disappear into the sea. Originally called Thera, Santorini was renamed by the Venetians during the 1200s. The name refers to Saint Irene.
Excavations at Akrotiri which began in 1967 have revealed much about Thera/Santorini's past. An entire Minoan civilization is slowly being uncovered. Thus far large developments of multi-level buildings, streets and walls have been exposed. Evidence shows that the area was first settled in 4000 BCE and then became a main port between 2000-1650 BCE. Researchers have uncovered pipes and water closets in Thera with twin systems, showing that the people had use of hot and cold running water. Fascinating Minoan frescoes have also been discovered. The great volcanic eruption is said to have occurred somewhere between 1650 and 1450 BCE.
Throughout the centuries Thera/Santorini came under the rule of several empires including Phoenicians, Dorians, Romans, Byzantines, Franks and the Ottoman Empire. Greece finally commandeered Santorini in 1912.
Today, Greece's Santorini is a prime tourist destination and is also famous for its fine wine industry. Assyrtiko vines are perfectly adapted to the local climate and receive moisture by means of dew (water is a precious and scarce commodity on the island). The vines are trained to form baskets on the ground. Grapes hang inside the vine basket so as not to be harmed by the wind. Visit the tourist office and find out about a wine tour where you will learn about how wine is made and even engage in some wine-tasting.
Another popular excursion is a boat trip to the Kaiméni islands, the point of the volcano which is still active. Take a bus tour up to the crest of Mount Profitis Ilías where you can look out over the gorgeous island. From here you can make your way down to Kamári or Períssa, which has a black pebble beach. There are so many things to see and do in Santorini that the best option is to stop in at the Tourist Office.
Santorini also boasts a fun-filled night-life. There are many lovely restaurants to choose from offering a fantastic variety of cuisine. Select your accommodation from a wide assortment of Bed and Breakfasts, apartments and hotels in Santorini. Santorini's hotels offer fabulous views of the caldera and exquisite service. Most people arrive in Santorini by ferry; however you can book a flight to Santorini through your travel agent. Alternatively look online for inexpensive flights to Santorini.
A holiday in Santorini will leave you with a host of beautiful memories. With so many amazing sights to see and explore, Greece's Santorini is an island of absolute splendor.