Key Facts about Holland

Know these key facts on Holland


Holland is situated in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany.

Land Area

Holland is slightly smaller than twice the size of New Jersey and stretches over an area of 41 526 sq km, which 33 883 sq km is land and 7 643 sq km is water. Holland has a total coastline of 451 km.


Holland has a temperate, marine climate with cool summers and mild winters.

Natural Resources and Hazards

Holland's main natural resources are natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel and arable land. The only previously experienced natural hazard in Holland is flooding.

Population and Employment

Holland has a total population of 16 407 491 (July 2005 est.) with an average life expectancy at birth of 78.81 years. Holland has a total labour force of 7.53 million (2004 est.) people, whom are mostly occupied in agriculture 4%, industry 23% and services 73%. Holland has an fairly low unemployment rate of 6%.


31% of Holland's population are Roman Catholics, 13% are Dutch Reformed, 7% are Calvinists, 5.5% are Muslims, 2.5% have other religions, and 41% have no religion.


Holland's flag consists of three equally horizontal bands of red, white and blue. It is similar to the flag of Luxembourg.

Agricultural Products and Main Industries

Holland's main recognized agricultural products are grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits vegetables and livestock. Their main industries are agro industries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics and fishing.


The capital of Holland is Amsterdam with a total population of 730 000 inhabitants.

Time Zone

GMT plus 1 hour.


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