Getting around with Italy's Transport
Alitalia is Italy's national airline and sometimes offer very favourable low-season fares. There are daily international flights scheduled directly to most of Italy's international airports. Rome's international airport is known as both, Leonardo da Vinci and Fiumicino airport. Milan's airports are Malpensa and Linate. Florence's airport is known as the Amerigo Vespucci airport.
The Italian State Railway offer very inexpensive and efficient service. There are numerous train services in Italy: The "locale" stops at every station on a particular line, the "diretto" makes fewer stops than the "locale", and the espresso stops only at major stations. The comfortable, air-conditioned "rapido" is an intercity train service, it is faster but also a little more expensive. Traveling by train is a very affective method of traveling in Italy, it is usually fast enough, fairly inexpensive and their schedules are very reliable.
Intercity buses serve countryside points inaccessible by train and occasionally arrive in more convenient places in large towns. Just note that you should validate your bus tickets onboard, otherwise you may be fined.
Driving in Italy is not for the faint-hearted! Italian driving is sometimes a little bit frightening, slow and heavy traffic is common in large cities and in the north. Mopeds are very popular in Italy, they are a great way to explore the city and the countryside, but they tend to get a little crowded sometimes.
Cycling is a popular sport in Italy, but riding a bicycle in the street may become somewhat dangerous as the drivers are often very reckless, and most terrains are often very challenging.
It is not recommended to hitchhike in Italy. Most Italians will not stop, if they can recognize you as a tourist, and hitchhiking can be particularly unsafe in Italy, especially in areas south of Rome and Naples.