United States Essential Information
When to go
Fall or autumn and spring are probably the best seasons for visiting the United States. Temperatures at this time of year are mild and the skies are beautifully clear. Stunning landscapes are created by leaves of red, organge and brown falling softly from the trees. Summer is also popular but is very hot and humid. Winter is icy cold in many cities and requires special winter jackets, though heating in buildings is very good.
The United States of America is an expansive country, thus climate and weather conditions are quite varied. Generally, the US climate is described as temperate. Florida and Hawaii are considered tropical and Alaska has an arctic climate. Southwest is ard and the Great Plains are semi-arid. Summer temperatures can reach up to 57°C in some areas to -62°C in Alaska. The southern states are warmer, hardly ever experiencing below freezing temperatures. Tornado season is from April to June in the Midwest. Hurricanes often occure on the East Coast and the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in summer.
Visas and Passports
The United States has a policy of "secure borders and open doors". Citizens of Canaa and countries of the Visa Waiver Program will generally not requires visas if they comply with particular requirements. Other individuals will have to obtain a nonimmigrant visa. A valid passport is required to obtain a visa to the United States. There are over 20 types of nonimmigrant visas dependiing on your reason for taveling to the USA and include tourism, businees, temporary work and medical treatment. Possession of a USA visa does not mean you will be allowed entry into the country, rather it allows you to arrive at the United States port of entry where an inspector will permit you to enter the country.
Health and Safety
The health care system in the United States is of the highest standard. Health care is, however, expensive so visitors should consider health insurance when traveling here. In the case of emergency, dial 911 for an ambulance or other emergency service. Alternatively you can get yourself to the hospictal and register with the emergency room. If tourists require routine medical assistance it is best that they attend a walk-in clinic where an appointment is unnecessary. Crime in the USA differs from place to place. Big cities tend to have a higher crime rate. Common sense and alertness are important. Do not walk around alone at night. Avoid carrying lots of cash, credit cards are safer. Contact the police should you experience any difficulties.
Money and Currency
The unit of currency in the United States is the United States Dollar (USD), indicated by the $ symbol. The US dollar is made up of 100 cents. Paper money comes in the following denominations: $1,00; $2,00; $5,00' $10,00; $20,00; $50,00 and $100,00. All notes are the same size and color so be sure to look carefully when paying for items. Coins come in the following denominations: 1¢ (penny); 5¢ (nickel); 10¢ (dime); 25¢ (quarter); 50¢ (half dollar); $1 (dollar).