History of the United States of America

The History of the United States

The history of the United States dates back many centuries. Whilst turning through the pages of USA history, you will come across many nationalities, colonizations, conflicts, wars, expansion, successes and more. From small beginnings the United States of America has grown into a world power. Join us as we take a brief journey through the history of the United States of America.

It is believed that the land now part of the US was first inhabited several thousand years ago by people crossing into Alaska at the Bering land bridge. Before the arrival of European settlers in 1492, several cultures were thriving in the continent such as the Puebloans and Adena Culture. Christopher Columbus, a representative of Spain arrived in mainland America 20 years after his first voyage to the Americas in 1492. First arriving in Haiti he was well received by the Arawaks. Soon Arawaks were shipped off as slaves leaving on 500 in Haiti by 1550. Spanish, Dutch, English, Swedish, Portuguese and French colonies were founded in America. During the 1400s Europeans introduced horses to the country. Native Americans quickly saw the benefit of these creatures and they quickly became a part of everyday life.

During colonial times in America there were continual conflicts between colonists (particularly English) and Native Americans. It was along James River in 1607 that the English founded their first successful colony. The settlement was given the name Jamestown. Many more settlements were created in America by various groups of Europeans. Between 1776 and 1789, the United States gained independence from Great Britain and succeeded in the American Revolutionary War. On 4 July 1776 the Declaration of Independence was adopted. The Articles of Confederation were replaced by the United States Constitution on 4 March 1789.

Between 1849 and 1865 there was great contention between the white Americans living in the north and those in the south regarding government, slavery, society and economics. The civil war ended with victory to the north. Following the civil war industrialization in the USA flourished. The United states began growing as a world power. Entering into many military conflicts, the USA began to take part in World War One in the year 1917. In 1929, America suffered greatly with the onset of the Great Depression after the stock market crashed.

At the start of May 1940, the USA contributed greatly in World War Two. USA emerged from the war a superpower. Soon the Cold War between the US and Soviet Union began and only saw its end in 1989. Today, the United States of America has become a notable world power, a force to be reckoned with, having great influence throughout the world. The US government continues to feature in important world events, contributing to the ever growing USA history books.

 



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